Environment Configuration

Grav has the ability to extend the powerful configuration capabilities for different environments to support different configuration for development, staging, and production scenarios.

Automatic Environment Configuration

What this means is that you can provide as little or as much configuration changes per environment as needed. A good example of this is the Debug Bar. By default, the new Debug Bar is disabled in the core system/config/system.yaml file, and also in the user override file:

user/config/system.yaml

If you wanted to turn it on, you can easily enable it in your user/config/system.yaml file, however a better solution might be to have it enabled for your development environment when accessing via localhost, but disabled on your production server.

This can be easily accomplished by providing an override of that setting in the file:

user/localhost/config/system.yaml

where localhost is the hostname of the environment (this is what the host you enter in your browser, e.g. http://localhost/your-site) and your configuration file contains:

debugger:
  enabled: true

Similarly, you may want to enable CSS and Js Asset Pipelining (combining + minification) for your production site only (user/www.mysite.com/config/system.yaml):

assets:
  css_pipeline: true
  js_pipeline: true

If your production server was reachable via http://www.mysite.com then you could also provide configuration specific for that production site with a file located at user/www.mysite.com/config/system.yaml.

Of course, you are not limited to changes to system.yaml, you can actually provide overrides for any Grav setting in the site.yaml or even in any plugin configuration!

If you are using the Grav Scheduler, be aware of it using the localhost environment and therefore its configuration.

Plugin Overrides

To override a plugin configuration YAML file is simply the same process as overriding a regular file. If the standard configuration file is located in:

user/config/plugins/email.yaml

Then you can override this with a setting that only overrides specific options that you want to use for local testing:

user/localhost/config/plugins/email.yaml

With the configuration:

mailer:
  engine: smtp
  smtp:
    server: smtp.mailtrap.io
    port: 2525
    encryption: none
    user: '9a320798e65135'
    password: 'a13e6e27bc7205'

Theme Overrides

You can override themes in much the same way:

user/config/themes/antimatter.yaml

Can be overridden for any environment, say some production site (http://www.mysite.com):

user/www.mysite.com/config/themes/antimatter.yaml
user/env/www.mysite.com/config/themes/antimatter.yaml

Server Based Environment Configuration

Starting from Grav 1.7, it is possible to set the environment by using server configuration. In this use scenario, you set environment variables from the server or from a script that runs before Grav to select the environment to be used.

The simplest way to set environment is by using GRAV_ENVIRONMENT. Value of GRAV_ENVIRONMENT has to be a valid server name with or without domain.

The following example selects development environment for the localhost:

<VirtualHost 127.0.0.1:80>
    ...

    SetEnv GRAV_ENVIRONMENT development
</VirtualHost>

Custom Environment Paths

Starting from Grav 1.7, you can also change the location of the environments. There are two possibilities: either you configure a common location for all the environments or you define them one by one.

Custom location for all the environments

If for some reason you are not happy with the default user/env location for your environments, it can be changed by using GRAV_ENVIRONMENTS_PATH environment variable.

Value of GRAV_ENVIRONMENTS_PATH has to be existing path under GRAV_ROOT. Do not use trailing slash.

In the next example, all the environments will be located in user/sites/GRAV_ENVIRONMENT, where GRAV_ENVIRONMENT is either automatically detected or manually set in the server configuration:

<VirtualHost 127.0.0.1:80>
...

    SetEnv GRAV_ENVIRONMENTS_PATH user://sites
</VirtualHost>

Custom location for the current environment

Sometimes it may be useful to have a custom location for your environment

Value of GRAV_ENVIRONMENT_PATH has to be existing path under GRAV_ROOT. Do not use trailing slash.

In the next example, only the current environment will be located in user/development:

<VirtualHost 127.0.0.1:80>
...

    SetEnv GRAV_ENVIRONMENT_PATH user://development
</VirtualHost>

Note that GRAV_ENVIRONMENT_PATH is separate from GRAV_ENVIRONMENT, so you may also want to set the environment name if you don't want it to be automatically set to match the current domain name.

Further Customization

Environments can be customized far further than described in this page.

For more information, please continue to the next page: Multisite Setup.

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