Twig Functions

Twig functions are called directly with any parameters being passed in via parenthesis.


Cast a value to array

{% set value = array(value) %}


Computes the difference of arrays.

{% set diff = array_diff(array1, array2...) %}


The array_key_value function allows you to add a key/value pair to an associate array

{% set my_array = {fruit: 'apple'} %}
{% set my_array = array_key_value('meat','steak', my_array) %}
{{ print_r(my_array)}}

outputs: Array ( [fruit] => apple [meat] => steak )


Wrapper for PHP's array_key_exists function that returns whether or not a key exists in an associative array.

{% set my_array = {fruit: 'apple', meat: 'steak'} %}
{{ array_key_exists('meat', my_array) }}

outputs: 1


The array_intersect function provides the intersection of two arrays or Grav collections.

{% set array_1 = {fruit: 'apple', meat: 'steak'} %}
{% set array_2 = {fish: 'tuna', meat: 'steak'} %}
{{ print_r(array_intersect(array_1, array_2)) }}

outputs: Array ( [meat] => steak )


Wrapper for PHP array_unique() that removes duplicates from an array.

array_unique(['foo', 'bar', 'foo', 'baz']) Array ( [0] => foo [1] => bar [3] => baz )


Authorizes an authenticated user to see a resource. Accepts a single permission string or an array of permission strings.

authorize(['admin.statistics', 'admin.super'])


Takes an array of classes, and if they are not set on body_classes look to see if they are set in current theme configuration.

set body_classes = body_class(['header-fixed', 'header-animated', 'header-dark', 'header-transparent', 'sticky-footer'])


Create a "Cron" object from cron syntax

cron("3 * * * *").getNextRunDate()|date(config.date_format.default)


Takes a valid Twig variable and dumps it out into the Grav debugger panel. The debugger must be enabled to see the values in the messages tab.



Same as dump()


The evaluate function can be used to evaluate a string as Twig:



Similar to evaluate, but will evaluate and process with Twig

evaluate_twig('This is a twig variable: {{ foo }}', {foo: 'bar'})) This is a twig variable: bar


Output the EXIF data from an image based on its filepath. This requires that media: auto_metadata_exif: true is set in system.yaml. For example, in a Twig-template:

{% set image =['sample-image.jpg'] %}
{% set exif = exif(image.filepath, true) %}
{{ exif.MaxApertureValue }}

This would write the MaxApertureValue-value set in the camera, for example "40/10". You can always use {{ dump(exif) }} to show all the available data in the debugger.

Retrieve the value of a cookie with this function:



Gets the type of a variable:

get_type(page) object


Takes a Github Gist ID and creates appropriate Gist embed code

gist('bc448ff158df4bc56217') <script src=""></script>


header_var($variable, $pages = null)

Returns page.header.<variable>.

NOTE: Deprecated since Grav 1.7. theme_var should be used.

The logic of finding the variable has changed, which might lead to unexptected results:

  • If an array of lookup pages is provided as second parameter, only the first page will be used.
  • If <variable> is not defined in het header of the page, Grav will search for the variable in the tree of parents of the page.
  • If still not found, Grav will search for the variable in the config file of the theme

Given frontmatter of

title: Home

header_var('title') Home


If response_code is provided, then the previous status code will be returned. If response_code is not provided, then the current status code will be returned. Both of these values will default to a 200 status code if used in a web server environment.



the isajaxrequest() function can be used to check if HTTP_X_REQUESTED_WITH header option is set:


You can decode JSON by simply applying this filter:

json_decode({"first_name": "Guido", "last_name":"Rossum"})


Returns a media object for an arbitrary directory. Once obtained you can manipulate images in a similar fashion to pages.



Output a file size in a human readable nice size format

nicefilesize(612394) 598.04 KB


Output a number in a human readable nice number format

nicenumber(12430) 12.43 k


Output a date in a human readable nice time format

nicetime( 3 months ago


Generate a Grav security nonce field for a form with a required action:

nonce_field('action') <input type="hidden" name="nonce" value="5be797e4e61db0fcd6c52093cef58b83" />


Checks the type of a variable to the param:

of_type(page, 'string') false


Parses a path into an array.

{% set parts = pathinfo('/www/htdocs/inc/') %}
{{ print_r(parts) }}

outputs: Array ( [dirname] => /www/htdocs/inc [basename] => [extension] => php [filename] => )

Prints a variable in a readable format


stdClass Object
    [title] => Twig Functions
    [body_classes] => twig__headers
    [page-toc] => Array
            [active] => 1
            [start] => 3
            [depth] => 1

    [process] => Array
            [twig] => 1

    [taxonomy] => Array
            [category] => docs

    [metadata] => Array
            [description] => Grav documentation
            [generator] => GravCMS
            [title] => Twig Functions
            [keywords] => 
            [image] =>
            [robots] => all
            [fb:app_id] => 
            [og:url] =>
            [og:site_name] => Grav Documentation
            [og:title] => Twig Functions
            [og:description] => Grav documentation
            [og:type] => article
            [og:image] =>
            [og:image:width] => 1200
            [og:image:height] => 630
            [og:image:secure] =>
            [twitter:card] => summary_large_image
            [twitter:site] => 
            [twitter:title] => Twig Functions
            [twitter:description] => Grav documentation
            [twitter:image] =>
            [twitter:image:alt] => Twig Functions



Will generate a random string of the required number of characters. Particularly useful in creating a unique id or key.

random_string(10) zV8spfUkbB


Generates a random string with configurable length, prefix and suffix. Unlike the built-in PHP uniqid() function and the random_string utils, this string will be generated truly unique and non-conflicting.

unique_id(9) adbee857a unique_id(11, { prefix: 'user_' }) uniqueid(11, { prefix: 'user' }) }} unique_id(13, { suffix: '.json' }) unique_id(13, { suffix: '.json' }) }}


Generates an array containing a range of elements, optionally stepped

range(25, 300, 50) Array ( [0] => 25 [1] => 75 [2] => 125 [3] => 175 [4] => 225 [5] => 275 )


Simple function to read a file based on a filepath and output it.


# Grav Standard Administration Panel Plugin

This **admin plugin** for [Grav]( is an HTML user interface that provides a convenient way to configure Grav and easily create and modify pages...


Redirects to a URL of your choosing

redirect_me('', 304)


Performs a preg_grep on an array with a regex pattern

regex_filter(['pasta', 'fish', 'steak', 'potatoes'], "/p.*/")

    [0] => pasta
    [3] => potatoes


A helpful wrapper for the PHP preg_replace() method, you can perform complex Regex replacements on text via this filter:

regex_replace('The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.', ['/quick/','/brown/','/fox/','/dog/'], ['slow','black','bear','turtle'])

The slow black bear jumps over the lazy turtle.


Will repeat whatever is passed in a certain amount of times.

repeat('blah ', 10) blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah blah


Returns a string from a value. If the value is array, return it json encoded

string(23) => "23"

string(['test' => 'x']) => {"test":"x"}


theme_var($variable, $default = null, $page = null)

Get a theme variable from the page's header, or, if not found, from its parent(s), the theme's config file, or the default value if provided:


This will first try page.header.grid-size, if not set, it will traverse the tree of parents. If still not found, it will try theme.grid-size from the theme's configuration file.

It can optionally take a default value as fallback:

theme_var('grid-size', 1024)


Translate a string, as the |t filter.

t('SITE_NAME') Site Name


Functions the same way the |ta filter does.


Translates a string in a specific language. For more details check out the multi-language documentation.

tl('SIMPLE_TEXT', ['fr'])


Will create a URL and convert any PHP URL streams into a valid HTML resources. A default value can be passed in in case the URL cannot be resolved.



The vardump() function outputs the current variable to the screen (rather than in the debugger as with dump())

{% set my_array = {foo: 'bar', baz: 'qux'} %}
{{ vardump(my_array) }}

  "foo" => "bar"
  "baz" => "qux"


Allow a manual check of a string for XSS vulnerabilities

xss('this string contains a <script>alert("hello");</script> XSS vulnerability') dangerous_tags

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